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Period Poverty

Common Terms Related to Period Poverty:

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS): TSS is a serious illness that affects multiple systems of the body and is caused by toxins released by certain bacteria. TSS is rare. Recognized groups at risk of S. aureus TSS include menstruating women using tampons, menstrual cups, or other inserted devices, women using diaphragms or contraceptive sponges, and anyone with a S. aureus infection of another body site. (Virginia Department of Health)

Menstruation/Menses: Menstruation is normal discharge of blood and tissue from the uterine lining through the vagina that occurs as part of a monthly menstrual cycle. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)

Menarche: Menarche is defined as the first menstrual period in a female adolescent. Menarche typically occurs between the ages of 10 and 16, with the average onset being 12.4 years. (Lacroix et al., 2022)

Menstrual Health/Menstrual Hygiene: Menstrual health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in relation to the menstrual cycle. (Hennegan et al., 2021)

Menstruator: A person who menstruates/has a period.

Menstrual Supplies: Menstrual hygiene materials are those used to catch menstrual flow, such as cloths, reusable and disposable pads, menstrual cups, and tampons. Menstrual supplies are other supportive items for menstrual hygiene and health more broadly, such as soap, underwear and pain relief. (UNICEF, 2019)

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